Low-creeping, vine-like dwarf-shrub with red, edible berries
Other Uses: N
Soil: Well-draining, rich in organic matter
Sun: Do well in partial shade. To encourage larger crops, plant in full sun
Usually found at: Along the coast in a variety of habitats, including bogs
Pollinators & wildlife: Bumblebees
Ornamental: Ground cover
Leaves: About 1 cm long, wide spaced, tiny black dots on lighter underside
Flowers: Produce flowers in the spring, with a second flowering in the summer. The flowers are bell-shaped, white to pale pink, 3–8 mm.
Berries: The fruit is a red berry, 6–10 mm across, with an acidic taste, ripening in late summer to autumn
First Nations uses: Highly important food for the Dena’ina, Tlingit, Kaigani Haida, Haida, Nisga’a, Gitksan and other northern peoples. The coastal people of the Northwest coast usually cooked the berries and served them in oolichan grease or oil. They were also eaten fresh as a snack or thirst quencher. They were stored fresh in moss or by drying into cakes. The Fraser River valley was a prime area for harvest and the Halq’emeylem used to trade them to Vancouver Island and elsewhere. The berries were associated with high rank by Sechelt people.