Saskatoon Serviceberry

CAD $6.00

Saskatoon Serviceberry –  Amelanchier Alnifolia

The saskatoon serviceberry is a deciduous shrub that can grow up to 1-6m tall. It grows in shady to sunny conditions and requires well draining soil. The saskatoon serviceberry provides edible berries enjoyed by many and can be identified by its oval to circular blueish-green leaves that turn yellow-reddish in the winter.

Height: 1-6m

Edible: Y

Medicine: Y

Other Uses: N

Poisonous: N

Soil: Can grow in acidic, neutral, and alkaline soil and sandy, loamy, and clay soils

Watering: Moderate

Sun: Partial to full sun

Usually found at: Thickets, woodland edges and banks of streams

Pollinators & wildlife: Pollinated by bees. Attracts birds and butterflies.

Ornamental: Large decorative shrub that attracts both people and wildlife with their sweet berries.

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Description

Saskatoon Serviceberry –  Amelanchier Alnifolia

The saskatoon serviceberry is a deciduous shrub that can grow up to 1-6m tall. It can be found in a variety of soil and moisture conditions across western Canada. Its native habitat is moist banks and drier hillsides and though adaptable to different soil and moisture conditions, it shows some drought intolerance. The serviceberry grows in shady to sunny conditions and requires well draining soil. This perennial can be identified by its compact clusters of fragrant white flowers that are replaced by blue-green leaves that turn yellow-reddish in the winter. The leaves grow in an alternating pattern on smooth grey-brown bark.

The saskatoon serviceberry provides edible fruit that ripens in early summer with a sweet flavour that is enjoyed by most people. Its berries can also be used for jams, pies, and cakes. It was also used by First Nations Peoples in soups and stews as well as to treat stomach ailments. Arrows and pipe stems were made from shoots. Aside from human uses, the berries also provide food for mammals and birds.

 

Height: 1-6m

Edible: Y

Medicine: Y

Other Uses: N

Poisonous: N

Soil: Can grow in acidic, neutral, and alkaline soil and sandy, loamy, and clay soils

Watering: Moderate

Sun: Partial to full sun

Usually found at: Thickets, woodland edges and banks of streams

Pollinators & wildlife: Pollinated by bees. Attracts birds and butterflies.

Ornamental: Large decorative shrub that attracts both people and wildlife with their sweet berries.

Leaves: Alternating deciduous leaves ranging from elliptic to ovate in shape. 

Flowers: Fragrant, white flowers, 2-3 cm in diameter with 5 separate petals that appear on 3-20 short racemes. 

Berries: Up to 15 mm in diameter and blue-purple in colour that ripen in early summer.

First Nations uses: Arrows and pipes were made from shoots and the berries were used in soups and stews. The berries were used as a mild laxative and to treat stomach ailments.

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